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University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Ph.D., Learning Sciences, 2013
Advisor: John D. Bransford, Ph.D.
Dissertation:The Quiet Professional: An investigation of U.S. military Explosive Ordnance Disposal personnel interactions with everyday field robots. (2013).
Research Summary: I investigate the social dynamic between user and robot, especially how robot design, behavior, and context of use influences operator decision–making. My research lies at the crossroads of robotics and social sciences. Field robots—used in the natural world, in unconstrained and uncontrived settings, often outdoors and in a range of operational and environmental conditions—present some of the most interesting occasions for inquiries into models of human communication with new technologies. My work focuses on identifying the social and institutional systems that form and evolve around the use of the relatively new technological medium of field robots.
My recent research looks at (U.S. military) EOD personnel human–robot interactions; specifically, experiences with robot models used every day, such as PackBot and TALON. The application for this research is to improve user robotics training; enhance robot development specifications to mitigate mission–dependent risks; and improve warfighter and civilian safety in conflict environments, both foreign and domestic. More broadly, findings can be applied to the development of robots that are effective in human collaborative/team or training situations, especially in stressful conditions.
University of Washington, Seattle, WA
M.S., Technical and Scientific Communication, 2007
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
M.S., Technical Communication, 2004
Area of Concentration: Human-Computer Interaction
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
B.A., Communication Arts, 1999
Area of Concentration: Film, Radio, and Television Theory
PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS(Name appears as both J. Carpenter and J. Hillan)
Carpenter, J. (2016). Culture and Human-Robot Interaction in militarized spaces: A war story. UK: Ashgate.
Carpenter, J. (2016). Deus Sex Machina: Loving Robot Sex Workers, and the allure of an insincere kiss. In J. Danaher & N. McArthur (Eds.), Sex Robots: Social, Legal and Ethical Implications.(Manuscript in preparation.) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Carpenter, J. (2013). Just Doesn’t Look Right: Exploring the impact of humanoid robot integration into Explosive Ordnance Disposal teams. In R. Luppicini (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Technoself: Identity in a Technological Society (pp. 609-636). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-2211-1.
Carpenter, J., Davis, J., Erwin-Stewart, N., Lee. T., Bransford, J. & Vye, N. (2009). Gender representation in humanoid robots for domestic use. International Journal of Social Robotics (special issue). 1(3), 261-265.The Netherlands: Springer.
Reichenbach, J., Bartneck, C., & Carpenter, J. (2008). The Carrot and the stick - The role of praise and punishment in human-robot interaction. Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and communication in biological and artificial systems; special issue of on "Human and robot interactive communication." 9 (2), 179-203. Oxford, UK: Ingenta.
Hillan, J. (October, 2003). Physician use of patient-centered Web logs and journals. Clinical Medicine and Research. 1(4), 333-334. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Libraries.
Hillan, J. (July, 2003). PatchWorx: Connecting ill and disabled children in an online community.Clinical Medicine and Research. 1(3), 259-260. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Libraries.
Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings - Full Papers
Carpenter, J. (2009). Why send the Terminator to do R2D2’s job?: Designing androids as rhetorical phenomena. Proceedings of HCI 2009: Beyond Gray Droids: Domestic Robot Design for the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK. Sept. 1.
Carpenter, J., Davis, J., Erwin-Stewart, N., Lee. T., Bransford, J. & Vye, N. (2008). Invisible machinery in function, not form: User expectations of a domestic humanoid robot. Proceedings of 6th conference on Design and Emotion. Hong Kong, China.
Carpenter, J., Eliot, M. & Schultheis, D. (2006). Machine or friend: understanding users’ preferences for and expectations of a humanoid robot companion. Proceedings of 5th conference on Design and Emotion. Göteburg, Sweden.
Reichenbach, J., Bartneck, C., & Carpenter, J. (2006).Well done robot! The importance of praise and presence in human-robot collaboration. Proceedings of RO-MAN 06: The 15th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, 86-90. Hatfield, UK.
Bartneck, C., Reichenbach, J., Carpenter, J., & Hupfeld, F. (2006). Use of praise and punishment in human-robot collaborative teams. Proceedings of RO-MAN 06: The 15th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, 177-182. Hatfield, UK.
Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings - Short Papers and Presentations
Carpenter, J., Davis, J. Erwin-Stewart, N. Lee. T., Bransford, J. & Vye, N. (2008). Gender representation in humanoid robots for domestic use. 1st International Conference on Human-Robot Personal Relationships. June 12-13. Maastrict, The Netherlands.
Carpenter, J., Eliot, M. & Schultheis, D. (2006). The Uncanny Valley: Making human-nonhuman distinctions. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Cognitive Science, 81-82. Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Carpenter, J. (2006). Exploring Human-Centered Design in Human-Robot Interaction. Presented at HRI Young Researchers Workshop, in conjunction with HRI 2006. Salt Lake City, UT.
Hillan, J.(2005) The necessity of enforcing multidisciplinary research and development of embodied Socially Intelligent Agents. Proceedings of AISB 2005. British Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour, 133-140. Hertfordshire, UK.
Carpenter, J. (2016, March 3). Humans + Robots: Dream Machines. TEDxEAL "Each One, Teach One." Odense, Denmark.
Carpenter, J. (2014, May 14). DroneU: The emotional consequences of operating a military drone [Podcast].
Carpenter, J. (2014). The Robot Accommodation Dilemma: Human-field robot interactions, attachment, and operator decision-making. IDGA Counter-IED Training Forum.Arlington, VA.
California Polytechnic State University (CalPoly), 2015-Present
Research Fellow, "Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group"
Ethics, risk, and social concern assessment. Publishing projects. Engage policymakers, business, academia, as well as the broader public on key issues in science and society.
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 2007-2008
Assistant Director, "Engineering Communication Program"
Managed the Engineering Writing Center (EWC). Assisted the Director with TA support and training (for 231 and 333 TAs), developed workshops for faculty in the College of Engineering. Wrote proposals for funding and special topics courses. Developed and taught "Introduction to Theories, Methods, and Materials of Writing Center Tutoring" (TC 499) course.
University of Washington, 2006-2007
Directed Research, "Curriculum Design and Engineering Writing"
Researched and developed curriculum for grant writing workshops hosted by the Department of Technical Communication. Reviewed current TC 333 curriculum and collaborated to develop new teaching materials. Collected, organized and archived original classroom materials developed by current TC 333 Teaching Associates, including lecture notes and supplementary materials such as PowerPoint and instructions for group exercises.
University of Washington, 2005
Directed Research, "Internet-Based Research/Examining Computer Supported Cooperative Work"
Used the Internet to empirically study the effectiveness of electronically delivered information. Worked on refining an Internet-based research tool, study of information design on users’ behavior and performance in computer supported cooperative work environments, with a specific focus on the assessment of wikis. Identified questions and subjects for study, read relevant literature and collaborated on experiment design.
University of Washington, 2005
Graduated Research Associate, "Hall Health, AEDSports.com"
Assembled Web design team and supervised two undergraduate Research Assistants. Managed the development of two Web sites: (a) a Web-based survey on NCAA AED
University of Washington, 2005
Directed Research, "Computer Games"
Researched the cultural aspects of games, including a project of player-avatar identification in EverQuest.
Lillebaelt Academy, Odense, Denmark, March 4, 2016
Guest Lecturer, "Robots, Sex, War, and Culture"
Informal lecture and Question & Answer session for Lillebaelt undergraduate design students on the topics of human-robot interactions in stressful conditions, and how robots are being incorporated into everyday life.
Designskolen Kolding, Denmark, January 2016
Visiting Lecturer, "Robotics and Social Inclusion"
Lectures included "Culture and human-robot interaction in militarized spaces," "Romantic relationships with Robotic Sex Workers," and "An introduction to qualitative research methods."
University of Washington, 2009-2011
Teaching Assistant, "Writing Center"
Managed the College of Education Writing Center. Created center schedules, tracked usage, offered writing workshops, and visited classes to promote the writing center services. Developed workshops for undergraduate and graduate students in the College of Education.
University of Washington, 2008-2009
Teaching Assistant, Teacher Education Program, "Math Methods, Dilemmas of Teaching and Learning, Arts & Technology" & "Teaching for Learning & Adolescent Development"
Collaborated on curriculum development; led discussions. Graded written work.
University of Washington, 2008
Teaching Assistant, "Empirical Traditions in Technical Communication"
Collaborated on curriculum development (TC 502); lead discussions. Graded all written work.
University of Washington, 2005-2007, 2008
Teaching Assistant, "Advanced Technical Writing and Oral Presentation"
Taught all lectures (TC 333). Developed course materials and learning activities, met with students and graded all written work and oral presentations.
University of Washington, 2007
Teaching Assistant, "Introduction to Theories, Methods, and Materials of Writing Center Tutoring "
Wrote syllabus (TC 499), taught all classes. Developed learning activities, graded all required written work.
University of Washington, 2004, 2008
Teaching Assistant, "Introduction to Technical Writing"
Taught all lectures (TC 231). Collaborated in curriculum and exam development, met with students and graded all written work, including mid-term and final exam papers.
University of Washington, 2007, Summer
Lead Tutor, "Engineering Writing Center"
Supported undergraduate engineering students improving and learning new writing skills. Focused on developing student skills through discussion and discovery in individual sessions.
Graduate & Professional Student Senate (GPSS), "Senator/Graduate Student Representative," 2006-2007
UWTC Undergraduate Admissions Committee, "Graduate Student Representative (voting member)," 2005-2007
Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group - Computer-Human Interaction, "Officer (UW Chapter)," 2004-2006
Forum on Science Ethics & Policy, 2007
The Science and Entertainment Exchange, 2015-Present
Operation War Diary, 2014
Soldiers’ Angels, 2006-2012
PatchWorx, Inc., 2002-2004
Saint Joseph’s Hospital Home-Delivered Meal Program, 2002-2004
SELECTED MEDIA COVERAGE
Ackerman, A. (2013, September 19). Soldiers can get emotionally attached to robots, and that may not be a good thing. IEEE Spectrum.
Barber, E. (2013, 23 September). For a fallen robot, a 21-gun salute. Christian Science Monitor.
Chayka, K. (2014, 18 February). As military robots increase, so does the complexity of their relationship with soldiers. Newsweek.
Edwards, J. (2013, September 18). Some soldiers are so attached to their battle robots they hold funerals for them when they 'die.' Business Insider.
Estes, A.C. (2013, October 30). We aren't doing enough to prepare ourselves for robot love. Gizmodo.
Garber, M. (2013, September 20). Funerals for fallen robots. The Atlantic.
Halverson, N. (2013, September 20). Empathy toward robots could impact battlezone. DiscoveryNews.com.
Hsu, J. (2015, March 15). Robot funerals reflect our humanity.Discover.
Montgomery, S. (2007, November 15). The mechanics of emotion; Researchers making robots approachable, not creepy. NewsCanada.
PBS.org. (2013, September 18). Empathy for military robots could affect outcomes on the battlefield.
Reuter, T. & Syed, N. [Producers]. (14 May, 2014). (Audio podcast.) Drone U: The emotional consequences of operating a military drone. Slate Magazine.
Subbaraman, N. (2013, September 28). Soldiers <3 robots: Military robots get awards, nicknames, funerals. NBC News.
Waldman, K. (2013, September 20). Are soldiers too emotionally attached to military robots? Slate Magazine.
Waytz, A. (2014, May 13). Seeing human: If you give a driverless car a name, you're less likely to blame it after an accident.Slate Magazine.
Young, N. (2013, September 27). Spark, with Nora Young, Episode 226: Falling in love with artificial intelligence. Context-aware computing and common ground. Soldiers and robots. The beauty of glitch art. [Radio broadcast]. Canadian Broadcasting Company.
Design & Emotion Society, 2006-Present
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)
Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S)